GEOMETRIC MODELING IN THE AUTOMATED DESIGNING OF ARCHITECTURAL OBJECTS
Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
The article is devoted to overview of software used in the automated designing of architectural objects. Particular attention is paid to the features of modern software and the possibility of their use in the design of constructions. The technique of modern SAPR implementation in educational process within studying of «Engineering Graphics» course is considered by the example of AutoCAD graphic system for students of construction specialties. The selection of these CAD systems as the base for graphic disciplines teaching is validated. The architectural task consists in creation of one of two developed ways of modeling. In the course of task performance students solve the main geometrical objectives by definition of the form and constructive and geometrical parameters of the objects and in parallel master 3D modeling in AutoCAD or ArchiCAD packages. It is proved that inclusion in educational process of the graphic task developed taking into account a professional orientation trained, increases its efficiency. The task performed during the first semester promotes fixing and profound studying of fundamentals of engineering graphics. It can be used when studying 3D computer geometric modeling for students of the technical directions. Geometric modeling in design of architectural objects, you can create a model of the object based on the descriptions of the characteristics of the object, geometry, proportion and relationships, information membranes, implemented in an appropriate software environment. It also allows you to increase the search of new architectural forms, to perform the analysis of the spatial form of the designed object and the projection to develop an architectural model of the building. Based on this analysis the trend of engineering and development of geometric modeling for the designing of sites is showed.

Keywords:
engineering activities, geometric modeling, architectural objects, designing.
Text

В настоящее время в проектно-конструкторской деятельности инженера наступил переходный период. В современных условиях непрерывного ускоренного совершенствования техники и технологии, бурного развития средств информационных технологий и компьютерных методов обработки графической информации увеличивается темп восприятия информации, информация становится реальной производственной силой, от количества и качества зависит результат многих производственных процессов. В связи с этим возрастает востребованность специалистов в промышленности, строительстве, других областях деятельности, свободно владеющих и использующих системы компьютерной графики в инженерной деятельности.

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